Geschichte des Korans und die neue Koranforschung

Am Freitag, den 25. Juni 2021 veranstaltet das Al-Mustafa Institut eine eintägige Tagung zum Thema:

Geschichte des Korans und die neue Koranforschung

Wir haben mehrere Referenten eingeladen, um einen vielfältigen Diskurs zu ermöglichen.

Freitag, den 25. Juni 2021  16:00-21:00

Online via Skype

Hier Playlist auf YouTube. 

PROGRAMMABLAUF:

16:00 - 16:15

Einführung

 

16:15 - 17:00

Veranstaltung Poster Al-Mustafa Tagung Ankündigungen Geschichte Korans neue Koranforschung Diskurs

Rainer Brunner, Universität Freiburg:

The Debate about the Authenticity of the Qur'an in Modern Times

Hier finden Sie den Vortrag auf YouTube.

Abstract

The suspicion that the original text of the Qur'an had been distorted and falsified was widespread during the formative phase of Shiite Islam. Although it was contested by a growing number of Shiite scholars after the occultation of the twelfth Imam, it never disappeared and was revived in the conflict between Akhbaris and Usulis in Safavid times. At the end of the 19th century, Husayn Taqi al-Nuri al-Tabrisi in book Fasl al-khitab gathered all available traditions in this regard and caused a vehement controversy. While until this time, the conflict had largely remained within Shiism, it moved to the centre of the sectarian strife between Sunnites and Shiites in the 20th century. In a paradoxical development, Sunnite polemicists increasingly accused Shiism of believing in the theory of the falsification of the Qur'an, while at the same time, Shiite scholars distanced themselves nearly unanimously from this suspicion and rejected the relevant traditions.

 

17:00 - 17:45

S. M. Hadi Gerami, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies (IHCS):

The social context of early Shīʿī critical attitudes to the Qurʾan

Hier finden Sie den Vortrag auf Youtube. 

Abstract

From the time Ignác Goldziher studied Shīʿī approaches to the Qurʾan until now, there has always been a significant theme that several scholars have followed.  That is, Shiites believed in the falsification of the Qurʾan from the first to the third century AH and attempted to explain the absence of Ali and his descendants in the Qurʾan by posing falsification of the Qurʾan by Uthman and others involved in compiling the Qurʾan.

However, the advent of extreme and critical opinions on the Qurʾan in the second century AH by the Shia is something that can be interpreted in the sense of the identity development of the sect to demonstrate its distinctive position with ʿāmmah (the bulk of the Muslim community) in the second century AH. As the Shiites sought to create a distinct and influential role for themselves in the field of theology and jurisprudence, they made the same attempt concerning the Qurʾan.

Also, the understanding of the doctrine of falsification and censorship of the Qurʾan in the early Shia era can be interpreted only in the light of the knowledge of the main Shīʿī trends of tafsir in that period. Contrary to certain stereotypic beliefs in this respect, it was not the case that all the Shiites adopted the faith, or that those who believed in falsification were merely Ghulāt. Rather, there has been a range of trends in Shiism whose views of the Qurʾan have steadily grown.

This study will show the social and identity reasons that made the early Shiism challenge the Ottoman muṣḥaf as the most pivotal Islamic canon.

 

17:45 - 18:30

Dirk Hartwig, Universität Münster:

Der Koran in seinem historischen Kontext. Intertextualität und Interpretation

Hier finden Sie den Vortrag auf YouTube.

Abstract

Der Koran enthält eine Vielzahl von Erzählungen, die aus dem biblischen Schrifttum bekannt sind; diese geben einen Einblick in die jeweils vertretenen theologischen Positionen. Sind Veröffentlichungen zum Koran gegenwärtig häufig damit beschäftigt, die Kompabilität oder wenigstens Annährbarkeit an jüdische bzw. christliche Glaubenswahrheiten zu erweisen, bietet die Intertextualität die Möglichkeit, komplexe Verhältnisse von Texten zueinander zu erfassen, theologische Positionierung in Reibung mit benachbarten religiösen Traditionen wahrzunehmen. Neben Gemeinsamkeiten werden dann Verhandlung und Abweisung sichtbar. Der Koran erweist sich so als theologische Herausforderung, die dazu anregt, Positionen auf Augenhöhe zu diskutieren.

 

19:00 - 19:45

Mohammad Ghandehari, University of Tehran:

Revisiting Materials on the falsification of the Qur’an in Kitāb Sulaym: a source-critical approach

Hier finden Sie den Vortrag auf YouTube.

Abstract

Kitāb Sulaym b. Qays al-Hilālī has been considered as the oldest surviving Shī‘i book and one of the rare written works of the Umayyad period. Although there are some disagreement on the dating of the book, the original core of the work can easily be shown to date back to the early second century. However, there are smee materials on the falsification of the Qur’an in Kitāb Sulaym, which is not easy to situate them in the early Shī‘i discussions.
On the other hand, the Sulaym corpus, when examined in detail, shows that a number of insertions were made in the book. Hossein Modarressi Tabatabai claims that later accretions seem always to have been in the form of insertions and additions rather than replacements and alterations. Analyzing all the traditions relating to the falsification of the Qur’an, one finds substantial evidence that these materials are among these later insertions.
In this research, I try to address this issue by a new source-critical approach. I propose that the only explicit texts of Kitāb Sulaym on the falsification of the Qur’an (Hadith 11 and 42) do not reflect early Shī‘i view but are mainly produced in later recentions of the book.

 

19:45 - 20:30

Ala Vahidnia, Institute for Humanities and Cultural Studies (IHCS):

Iranian’s approach to the Quran distortion (Taḥrīf): a survey of Manuscripts in safavid era

Hier finden Sie den Vortrag auf YouTube.

Abstract

Analyzing numerous and diverse Iranian Qur’an manuscripts surviving from different times, may shed further light on the history of transmission of the text of the Qur’an and the history of Shi’ism in Persia, a vast region of geographical significance. The present article deals with studying the Qur’an manuscripts dating since the emergence of the Safavid state as the first national state in Persia in Islamic times and compares them with contemporary Ottoman handwritten Qurans, along with other manuscripts related to the Quran such as books on Qurʾanic readings (qirāʾāt) and exegesis (tafsīr). It is reflected in the present study that in spite of the fact that the Iranian manuscripts of the Qur'an in this era reflect Shiite religious beliefs, they do not mention the issue of readings (qirāʾāt) attributed to the Shi'a imāms or the Qur'an distortion (Taḥrīf) neither in the text nor in the margins, and religious tendencies have never led Qur'anic scribes and readers to record such issues in the Qur'anic copies. Rather, these Qur’an manuscripts show well the prevalence and establishment of the standard readings (especially the readings of Ḥafṣ and Shuʻbah narrating from ‘Ᾱṣim) in this period and these standard readings, according to the other documents related to the Qur'an, became the basis of the work of Shiite scholars and gradually different readings (qirāʾāt) attributed to the Shi'a imāms found a function of exegetical additions.

 

20:30 - 21:15

Ana Davitashvili, Universität Bamberg:

Aktuelle Entwicklungen in der historisch-kritischen Koranforschung

Hier finden Sie den Vortrag auf YouTube. 

Abstract

Die moderne Koranforschung wird seit Jahren von drei Gruppen bestimmt, den Traditionalisten, den Neo-Traditionalisten und den Revisionisten. Bei der Aufteilung dieser Gruppen ist die entscheidende Frage, inwieweit die Prophetenbiografie als authentische historische Quelle oder als "Heilsgeschichte" gelesen wird und, ob die vorislamische arabische Dichtung als Zeugnis sowie kulturelles Schaffen des vorislamischen Arabiens betrachtet werden kann. Außerdem wird der Koran teilweise mit vorkoranischen biblischen, insbesondere jüdischen und syro-aramäischen Traditionen, verglichen. In der Präsentation werden die Vorgehensweise der jeweiligen Gruppen und aktuelle laufende Projekte beschrieben und erläutert.

 

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